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高二英语试题

来源:本站原创 作者:佚名 2007/1/7 10:42:29

    试卷摘要: r health. The National Cancer Institute says people should eat at least five servings(份) of fruits and vegetables everyday.40. This passage is to report the recent finding that ________.  A. eati



高二英语试题
第一部分:单项填空(共15小题,每题1分,共15分)  
从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。  
1. — Have you seen ____ lady’s handbag on the counter? I left it here a moment ago. 
— What color is ____ bag? We found one really. 
A. the; a   B. a; the  C. a; a D. the; the
2. — Hi, Jack! Long time no see. How are you?
   — Oh, Martin! I ____ you. I’m fine. Let’s have a drink, shall we? 
A. don’t recognizeB. didn’t recognize C. can’t recognize D. haven’t recognize
3. — Would you please tell me more about it?
   — Sorry, I can only tell you _____ much. 
A. that  B. such  C. very D. too
4. The rainstorm warning is issued. Very strong wind and heavy rain are ____ tomorrow. 
A. hoped B. wished C. expected D. waited
5. Please wait and see ____ we will make for you ____ your own measure. 
A. how; with B. what; to  C. which; for D. when; by
6. Mary's going to study abroad next year, ____, for sure, delights everyone. 
A. who         B.that            C. this            D. which
7. There was a lot of fun at yesterday’s party. You ____ have come, but why didn’t you? 
A. must     B. shouldn’t      C. needn’t       D. ought to
8. ____ with the new machine, a search party went into the mountains ____ to find gold. 
A. Armed; hoping B. Equipped; hoped C. Fixing; to hope D. Carrying; in the hope
9. One of the boys who ____ my friends ____ very good at English. 
A. is; are        B. is; is        C. are; are        D. are; is
10. — Don’t ever be late again.
   — _____. 
A. Yes, I do  B. No, I don’t C. No, I won’t D. Yes, I promise
11. Entering the garden, I found it ____ with ____ leaves. 
A. covering; fallen  B. covered; falling C. covering; falling D. covered; fallen
12. All the universities have duty to ____ their students ____ of the quick development of the scientific world. 
A. make; knownB. have; understood C. keep; informed D. find; involved
13. Surprisingly, the man always in a worn-out suit finally ____ to be a millionaire. 
A. set out B. turned out C. showed up D. converted
14. — Mum ,I need a new schoolbag.
   — But didn’t I buy you _____ three months ago? 
A. it  B. that C. one D. another
15. He returned home very late yesterday, ______ early this morning. 
A. or rather  B. or else C. rather than D. other than
第二部分 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36—55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出一个最佳选项。
Three weeks ago, Paul Davis was given up for dead. Today, the 24-year-old truck driver is on the road to getting 16  , thanks to the quick  17 first aid of six skilled college student nurses, who were traveling a few minutes  18  his truck and got to him  19 it crashed.
The student nurses were on the way back from a day of medical 20 at a hospital. When they saw the   21 , they jumped out of their car. They 22 that Davis was already dead, but they wouldn’t move on without seeing for  23 . With the help of three men, they lifted him out. He was bleeding 24  and his heart almost stopped beating. He was obviously  25.
One girl found an ice-cream 26 on the ground and made an airway down his throat. Another student held his tongue down. Then a third girl found a towel and_27   down with it on Davis neck to slow the bleeding, A fourth nurse brought a blanket and  28   Davis to warm him up. They kept his legs  29. “We kept talking to him,” Miss Taylor said, “We  20  that the last thing you lose is your  31 .”
The student nurses kept Davis 32  until he could be gotten to a hospital. There, he was brought out of   33 . A doctor said that Davis would have choked and bled to death without the  34 of the six student nurses. That is  35 he is alive today.
16. A. well    B. worse       C. buried      D. away
17. A. physical    B. scientific     C. gentle      D. before
18.A. earlier     B. later       C. behind       D. before
19. A. before long   B. long before    C. long after    D. soon after
20.A. training     B. team      C. exercise     D. examination
21.A. driver         B. accident    C. incident       D. car-racing
22.A. were told      B. discovered  C. checked      D. reminded
23.A. him      B. them      C. himself      D. themselves
24.A. hardly        B. badly      C. sadly       D. slightly
25.A. died    B. dead       C. dying       D. death
26.A. stick          B. box       C. paper       D. packet
27.A. pulled     B. took       C. pressed      D. lay
28.A. covered       B. removed    C. dressed       D. offered
29.A. rising         B. risen      C. raising      D. raised
30.A. found out      B. suggested     C. thought     D. learned
31.A. breathing   B. seeing       C. hearing      D. smelling
32.A. talking        B. bleeding      C. alive       D. lively
33.A. control        B. danger       C. car        D. life
34.A. care      B. cure       C. talk        D. study
35.A. because       B. why       C. what       D. where
第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)
A
The first newspapers were written by hand and put up on walls in public place. The earliest daily newspaper was started in Rome in 59 BC. In the 700’s the world’s first printed newspaper was published. Europe didn’t have a regularly published newspaper until 1609, when one was started in Germany.
   The first regularly published newspaper in the English language was printed in Amsterdam in 1620. In 1621, an English newspaper was started in London and was published once a week. The first daily English newspaper was the Daily Courant (每日新闻). It came out in March 1702.
   In 1690, Benjamin Harris printed the first American newspaper in Boston. But not long after it was first published, the government stopped the paper. In 1704, John Campbell started The Boston Newsletter (波斯顿新闻通讯), the first newspaper published in the American colonies. By 1760, the colonies had more than thirty daily newspapers. There are now about 1,800 daily papers in the United States.
   Today, as a group, English language newspapers have the largest circulation (发行量) in the world. But the largest circulation for a newspaper is that of the Japanese newspaper Asahi Dhimbun (朝日新闻). It sells more than eleven million copies every day.
36. The first daily newspaper came out in _____.
   A. 59 BC         B. 700’s         C. 1609            D. 1620
37. The first regular published newspaper in Europe was printed in _____.
    A. England       B. Germany       C. France          D. Sweden
38. The first printed newspaper in America came out in _____.
    A. Washington    B. New York       C. Boston         D. New Orleans
39. Today there are about _____ daily newspaper printed in the United States.
A. 1621         B. 1704            C. 1760          D. 1800

B
The vegetable broccoli has a natural substance(物质) that may prevent some kinds of cancer.
Recently, American  scientists reported that not all broccoli is equal in fighting cancer. The scientists examined different kinds of broccoli plants. They attempted to activate(激活) an enzyme(酶) in the plants that may protect against some cancers.
The scientists discovered major differences among the broccoli tested. Some plants had very little of the cancer-fighting substance. Other plants had large amounts of the substance. The Journal  of the American Society for Horticultural Science(园艺学) published the findings.
Early studies have shown that people who eat vegetables like broccoli have lower rates of colon(结肠) and rectal(直肠) cancers. Broccoli plants and young seedlings(苗) have a chemical called glucoraphanin. They also contain a product of the chemical, called sulforaphane. Sulforaphanin causes the production of enzymes that slow the growth of cancer tumors(肿瘤) in laboratory animals.
Scientists at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland discovered the cancerfighting agent in broccoli nine years ago. Johns Hopkinns scientists joined with the United States Agricultural Research Service to organize the new study. A few years ago, the Research Service’s Vegetable Laboratory in Charleston, South Carolina grew more than seventy kinds of broccoli. The scientists then examined the chemicals each plant.
They observed extreme differences in glucoraphanin levels and the activity of enzymes in the broccoli tested. Some kinds of broccoli had very small amounts of the chemical. However, others had levels about thirty times greater.
Scientists want to learn more about the different levels of glucoraphanin and sulforaphane in broccoli plants. They hope new kinds of broccoli with the greater levels of the protective substances. They say eating such improved broccoli might result in more effective, natural defenses against cancer.
American doctors say eating fruits and vegetables, including broccoli, is important for health.
The National Cancer Institute says people should eat at least five servings(份) of fruits and vegetables everyday.
40. This passage is to report the recent finding that ________.
  A. eating broccoli helps prevent cancer
B. people who eat vegetables like broccoli are at lower risk of getting cancer
C. eating some kinds of broccoli defend people against some cancers
D. not all broccoli plants are equally valuable as a cancer-fighting vegetable
41. Some American scientists are going on with their study on broccoli in order to ______.
  A. discover the kind of broccoli that has the highest levels of the cancer-fighting substance
B. find out why the rates of some cancers are low among broccoli eaters
C. develop improved broccoli that will be even more effective in fighting cancer
D. produce more of the protective substances glucoraphanin and sulforaphane
42. The scientists mentioned in the passage have done all the following EXCEPT _______.
  A. eating broccoli to test its effect        
B. growing all kinds of broccoli
C. feeding a variety of broccoli to some animals like rats and mice
D. looking for the protective substance in broccoli
43. In which state is the famous John Hopkins University located?
  A. Baltimore.      B. Maryland.        C. Charleston.     D. South Carolina.
C
A 57-year-old woman was hurt yesterday by “a huge black cat”, as she was walking her two dogs near Bodmin Moor in the West Country. Local police are looking into her story, which follows a lot of similar reports in the area in recent months. Residents(居民) and visitors to the West Country have been warned to keep away from the Bodmin area.
Mrs Williams, the wife of a local farmer, described the cat as “just like something out of the jungle. It was jet-black all over with a white-tipped tail. It had short legs but was very strong.” More details were not available, as the creature moved too fast and Mrs Williams only managed to take a short look at it. The incident happened when Mrs Williams was taking her dogs for a walk, as she always does on Sunday morning. Suddenly something struck her really hard on the back of the head, causing her to fall to the ground, stunned.
“When I came to, there was a huge black cat staring down at me with its glittering, green eyes. I got the fright of my life, I can tell you,” says Mrs Williams. “It was a frightening experience,” she told reporters, as she sipped a cup of tea to calm her down, still visibly shaken. “If it hadn’t been for my Labrador, it would  have savaged me to death. It was about six feet long, the size of a large Alsatian(a kind of dog).” Mrs Williams’ description matches that of other eye witnesses(目击者) in incidents involving strange creatures in various parts of the country.
More police have been trying to track(追踪) the “Beast of Bodmin”, since it was first spotted some years ago, but they have so far come up with nothing except for a few very large animal tracks and a trail of dead sheep. Claims that the creature was sighted in a school playground recently are being investigated(调查). “Our policy is to look into all reports of this sort, however ridiculous,” said Chief Constable(警察局长) John Witmoor.
Investigations are still going on and local police have brought in zoologists to help them with the hunt for the “Beast of Bodmin”. Meanwhile, local people and visitors to the area have been warned not to walk alone on the moor. Parents have been advised to keep their children at a safe distance from the area. Motorists have also been asked to keep an eye out for anything unusual and to report sightings to the police immediately.
44. According to the text, we know that Labrador refers to ________.
  A. Mrs Williams’ dog             B. the black cat
C. Mrs Williams’ friend           D. a policeman
45. In order to find the creature, the police _______.
  A. have warned parents to keep the children safe
B. have asked experts for help
C. are looking for more eye witnesses
D. are interviewing visitors to the area
46. From the text we know that the creature was first seen ________.
  A. sometime last year  B. a few days ago C. in recent months D. a few years ago
D
How would you like an easy way to earn $2,500? All you have to do is to sit around and wait for your meals. There’s a catch, however. You have to stay in a chicken cage with a stranger for a whole week. There are no books or television or radio for a whole week. There are no books or television or radio for amusement. You can’t leave until the week is up. And a camera will be recording your every move.
Two people actually took the job. The idea came from Rob Thompson, a video artist. He wanted to make a film about the way animals are treated. His goal was to raise people’s awareness of the living conditions of animals that are raised for food. He decided to pay $5,000 out of his own savings to two people who were willing to live like chickens for a week.
To Rob’s surprise, quite a few people answered his advertisement. He had interviews and selected Eric, a 24-year-old restaurant worker, and Pam, a 27-year-old chemist. The plan was for them to spend seven days together in a chicken cage that was six feet long and three feet wide. A camera would record their experience, which would take place in an art museum.
The week was long and difficult. They slept on a hard wooden floor. They couldn’t stand up without banging their heads. They ate mash(a kind of food for animals) and drink water from a garden hose-pipe(软管). Their only privacy was a toilet surrounded by a curtain. There were no sinks, mirrors, or toothbrushes in the cage. Their only inspiration was the two framed checks that hung on the wall outside the cage. Visitors who came here were warned, “Do not feed the humans.”
Finally it was over, and Pam and Eric came out of the cage. They had survived the week, and they each had a $2,500 check in their hands. When Rob Thompson opened the cage, Eric came out, changed into clean clothes, and ate a chocolate bar right away. “It’s great for me to be able to stand up.” he said. Pam just changed her clothes and left. After a week of visitors and reporters watching her, she didn’t want to talk to anyone.
47. The underlined word “catch”(in Paragraph 1) probably means _______.
  A. unsolved problem            B. surprising wonder
C. unbelievable condition        D. hidden difficulty
48. What made it the most difficult for the two to stay in the cage?
  A. That they had nothing for amusement.
B. That they couldn’t lie down to sleep in the cage.
C. That they had to do almost everything under others’ very eyes.
D. That they didn’t have meat to eat.
49. Rob offered the money because he wanted to ________.
  A. see if there were any people who would like to live in a cage
B. show the public how miserable animals’ lives could be
C. make more money by publishing the record video tapes
D. improve housing conditions of working people like Eric
40. What would be the best title for this passage?
  A. An Easy Way to Earn $2,500       B. Do Not Feed Humans
C. Living Like a Chicken            D. Getting Along Well Anyway
E
Email has brought the art of letter writing back to life, but some experts think the resulting spread of bad English does more harm than good.
Email is a form of communication that is changing, for the worse, the way we write and use language, say some communication researchers. It is also changing the way we interact(交流) and build relationship. These are a few of the recently recognized features of email, say experts, which should cause individuals and organizations to rethink the way they use email.
“Email has increased the spread of careless writing habits,” says Naomi Baron, a professor of linguistics(语言学) at an American university. She says the poor spelling, grammar, punctuation and sentence structure of emails reflect(反映) a growing unconcern about the way we write.
Baron argues that we shouldn’t forgive and forget the poor writing often shown in email. “The more we use email and its tasteless writing, the more it becomes the normal way of writing,” the professor says.
Others say that despite its poor writing, email has finished what several generations of English teachers couldn’t: it has made writing fashionable again.
“Email is a critical new communication technology.” says Ian Lancashire, a professor of English at Toronto University. “It fills the gap between spoken language and the formal methods of writing that existed before email. It is the purest form of written speech.”
Lancashire says email has the mysterious ability to get people who are usually scared by writing to get their thoughts flowing easily onto a blank screen. He says this is because of email’s close similarity to speech. “It’s like a circle of four or five people around a campfire,” he says.
Still, he accepts that this new-found freedom to express themselves often gets people into trouble. Emails sent in a day almost exceed(超过) the number of letters mailed in a year. But more people are recognizing the content of a typical email message is not often exact.
51. From what Baron says in the third paragraph we can see that ________.
  A. careless people use email more than careful people
B. email requires people to change their native language
C. professors in universities don’t need to use email
D. people communicate by email full of mistakes
52. What does the underlined word “it”(in Paragraph 4) refer to?
  A. The poor writing.               B. Email.
C. The good writing.               D. A new communication technology.
53. In Lancashire’s opinion, email is a wonderful technology because _______.
  A. it can be useful all over the world
B. it is the fastest way to communicate
C. we can express ourselves in a free way
D. we can save a lot of paper
54. This passage mainly shows us that ______.
  A. people should stop using email to communicate
B. experts hold different opinions about email writing
C. Americans only use email to communicate
D. email makes people lose interest in English
55. Which of the following is NOT true about email?
  A. It is changing the way of communication.  B. It is used more than letters in the US.
C. It helps us write better.                 D. It causes us to write more.

第四部分:作文(满分25分)
以吸烟有害健康为题写一篇短文,字数120左右,内容要求包括:
1.现状:中国吸烟者约占将近一半,吸烟者越来越年轻,甚至有少数中学生
也在抽烟。
2.原因:有的认为是时髦(a kind of fashion)、有的认为是乐趣、有的认为
可以提神(refresh oneself)。
3.害处:吸烟有害健康,可导致多种疾病,是一种金钱的浪费,甚至会引起火
灾。
4.劝告不要吸烟。
答案:
一单项选择、1---5 BBACB 6---10 DDADC 11---15 DCBCD
二完形填空、16~20 ABCDA  21~25 BADBC  26-30 ACADD  31~35 CCBAB
三阅读理解、36---40 ABCDD  41~45 CABAB  46~50 DDCBC  51~55  DACBC
四作文  .作文答案省略

 

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